A United Nations watchdog has ordered the release of Wang Quanzhang, a Chinese lawyer, who was held for over 16 months without trial and is being unlawfully detained for his human rights work.

The UN working group on arbitrary detention issued its opinion dated May 29, on Yu Wensheng, a defence attorney to Wang, after examining his case at a closed-door meeting of its five independent experts.

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There was no immediate comment by China.

It is the 30th anniversary on Tuesday of a bloody crackdown on pro-democracy protesters in and around Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.

Yu, been the defence attorney to the jailed prominent rights lawyer Wang, before being stripped of his licence and then arrested outside his home in January 2018.

He is still under investigation for “inciting subversion’’.

“The Working Group concludes that the deprivation of liberty of Yu resulted from the peaceful exercise.

“A peaceful exercise of his rights to freedom of expression and of association and his right to take part in government, and was contrary to article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

“His deprivation of liberty is arbitrary,” the experts said.

Yu should be released immediately and provided compensation in line with international law, they said.

The Chinese government missed the deadline to submit its response, including the allegations that Yu has been denied any visits by his lawyer during his entire detention, the experts said.

Yu, now 51, was sent to Xuzhou City Detention Centre in Jiangsu Province, where police placed him under “residential surveillance”, they said, adding that this amounted to incommunicado and secret detention.

He has been charged with “a vague and imprecise offence of inciting subversion of State power”, they said.

“This provision does not define what conduct amounts to subversion and overthrowing the socialist system through rumours, slander or other means.

“The communication of mere thoughts, ideas or opinions could potentially fall within the prohibited conduct,’’ the UN body said.

Yu had worked peacefully within China’s legal system and nothing suggested he had engaged in or incited violence, it said.