Guinea corn also known as Sorghum is a nutritional energy inducer because it contains cellulose and protein. Guinea corn offers some proteins, vitamins and minerals that are very essential for human growth and development.
Besides, it is rich in micro nutrients such as vitamins B, copper, iron, potassium, magnesium, calcium and it has been said to not only have a lot of health benefits for adult but also especially for babies.
This staple crop is a cereal grain that originated in Africa and eaten throughout the world. It is especially valuable in arid terrain because of its resistance to drought.Guinea corn is a nutrient-rich grain that is often ground into flour to make bread, porridge and pancakes.
Health Benefits Of Guinea Corn/Sorghum
Carbohydrates in Guinea Corn
Most of the calories in guinea corn come from its carbohydrate content, making it a good source of energy. A 1/4 cup serving contains 36 grams of carbohydrates and 4 grams of fiber. Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that your body cannot digest, adding bulk to stool to improve bowel function.
In addition, the fiber in the guinea corn can also decrease your risk of heart disease by decreasing blood cholesterol levels. One serving of guinea corn meets 16 percent of your daily value for fiber.
Minerals in Guinea Corn
One nutritional highlight of guinea corn is its mineral content. A 1/4 cup serving contains 13 milligrams of calcium, 2.1 milligrams of iron, 138 milligrams of phosphorus and 168 milligrams of potassium. Calcium and phosphorus are essential minerals needed for bone health and strength.
Adequate intakes of iron support the transportation of oxygen in your body, and help promote cell growth and development. Potassium helps maintain fluid balance, and high intakes improve blood pressure, according to the American Heart Association.
Calories in Guinea Corn
A 1/4 cup serving of dry guinea corn contains 163 calories. Compared to other grains, guinea corn contains about the same amount of calories. For example, a 1/4 cup serving of dry oat groats contains 160 calories; 1/4 cup of dry barley is 140 calories.
Fat Content in Guinea Corn
Guinea corn is a low-fat food product, containing 1.6 grams of total fat, 0.2 grams of saturated fat, 0.5 grams monounsaturated fat and 0.7 grams of polyunsaturated fat per 1/4 cup serving. Choosing more low-fat foods in your diet can help reduce your overall fat intake, lowering your risk of heart disease, certain types of cancers and obesity.
Protein in Guinea Corn
Guinea corn contains about the same and sometimes more protein than many other grains, according to Purdue University. However, the protein is not as readily absorbed because each protein in the grain is surrounded by a tough protein wall that requires more time to digest.
About 46 percent of the protein in the guinea corn is absorbed, versus 81 percent in wheat and 73 percent in corn. A 1/4 cup serving of guinea corn contains 5 grams of protein.
Vitamin Content in Guinea Corn
Each 3/4-cup serving of cooked sorghum provides about 11 percent of the daily value for thiamine and riboflavin, 10 percent of the DV for iron, 20 percent of the DV for magnesium, 15 percent of the DV for phosphorus and 40 percent of the DV for manganese. Both riboflavin and thiamine help you turn the food you eat into energy.
You need iron for producing red blood cells, magnesium for a healthy immune system, and phosphorus and manganese for forming. Sorghum/guinea corn is a source of folic acid and it is useful for boosting fertility and also maintaining health during pregnancy.
Health Benefits Of Guinea Corn/Sorghum For Adults
• Guinea corn is one of the most nutritionally dense foods and is filled with vitamins and minerals. B-vitamins, calcium, potassium, magnesium, copper, and iron are only a few of the nutrients you can find in sorghum.
• Guinea corn makes the perfect diet food for two reasons. First, it’s incredibly rich in protein, which is the primary building material for your body. Second, sorghum contains huge amounts of dietary fiber, which helps you feel fuller without overeating.
• Digestive health can be significantly improved by including sorghum into your everyday menu. The high content of dietary fiber in guinea corn soothes various digestive problems like constipation, diarrhea, and bloating.
• The phytochemicals contained in guinea corn have proven to be quite effective at naturally lowering the LDL or bad cholesterol level in blood. At the same time, sorghum increases the level of good cholesterol, preventing a variety of cardiovascular diseases.
• Diabetes, one of the most common conditions of the 21st century, can be prevented with the help of guinea corn. The flavonoids contained in guinea corn regulate the glucose and insulin levels in the blood by preventing the body from absorbing excessive amounts
Health Benefits Of Guinea Corn/Sorghum For Babies
Many Nigerian moms have already turned to guinea corn as one of the first solid foods to give to their babies. There are many reasons why sorghum should be included in every baby’s diet, and here are some of them
The protein and vitamins contained in sorghum are as good for the babies as they are for adults. As a true nutritional powerhouse, guinea corn can supply your baby with everything needed for healthy growth.
• Underweight babies often have delays in their physical and psychological development. If your baby is having trouble putting on healthy weight, introduce guinea corn into their diet. Eating sorghum on its own or as Kunu Geida will help your baby reach milestones faster.
• Brown pap, one of the most popular baby foods in Nigeria, is most often made with guinea corn, which maximizes its health benefits for babies and promotes healthy growth.
Uses Of Guinea Corn
Now that you know how to give guinea corn to your baby as brown pap or other baby friendly dishes, you are probably wondering how to include it into the adult menu. Good, one of the most common ways to eat sorghum/guinea corn is to turn it into flour, which then can be used in baking, making porridge, and cooking delicious breakfast pancakes.
There is also a popular welcoming drink made with ground guinea corn, water, spices, and shea butter. Moreover, guinea corn can be successfully included into casseroles and various garnishes. As you can see, there are plenty of ways to enjoy the taste and multiple health benefits of guinea corn.
Side Effects Of Guinea Corn/Sorghum
Given all these facts about the healthy benefits of guinea corn, this question still arises which is, can guinea corn cause any harm to the human body? However, There is two sides to everything in life, just that most times the positive sides outweigh the negative sides, viz-a-viz. Here are the possible side effects that guinea corn can cause.
- High-fiber products such as guinea corn extracted are not recommended for people who are prone to or suffer from gastrointestinal diseases.
2. For breastfeeding mothers, if you have been eating guinea corn regularly before pregnancy, by all means, continue. But experts advise again suddenly switching to sorghum diet during pregnancy.
3. If you suddenly switch from regular eating of rice to sorghum without giving your body a chance to adapt. This might lead to diarrhea or constipation.
4. Be careful when it comes to children nutrition. Cereals with a large amount of dietary fiber are usually not suitable for the immature digestive system. Kids older than five years can begin taking a little amount of sorghum. But it is important to observe any reaction by the child.
5. Conclusively, We all have individual intolerance to even the most useful products. Due to its high fiber content, some people might suffer from gastrointestinal issues after eating guinea corn. Flatulence is a common symptom of this issue
Guinea corn or Sorghum can be used in all the dishes that you are accustomed to cooking with brown or white rice. Ideal combination: sorghum plus protein or law-fart carb for easy digestion.
Prepare dishes from Guinea corn/sorghum without using butter. Use spices, seafood, vegetables and meat instead. So that you will enjoy a perfectly healthy and nutritious meal.
Note: Use Guinea corn/sorghum moderately and take into account the characteristics of your own system. Your health is in your hands. You should plan your family food timetable very thoroughly, especially when it comes to the food for children. Make sure you are only reaping benefits when it comes to food.
Guinea Corn/Sorghum And Diabetics
If you have been snubbing guinea corn as a starchy food that has no place in your diabetes eating plan, you may need to reconsider after reading this article. Guinea corn/sorghum has one of the highest levels of polyphenols antioxidants in fruits and vegetables that are considered protective against type 2 diabetes.
Researchers had recently indicated that the consumption of guinea corn/sorghum diet may protect against high blood sugar level and oxidative damage and may, therefore, serve as functional food for management of diabetic mellitus.
Good blood sugar control can help prevent or slow the progression of some of the main medical complications of diabetes. The risk of complications of diabetes directly increases with increased sugar and fat blood levels.
They are bad for health. consuming fermented sorghum can prevent a drastic increase in the glucose levels, thus stabilizing blood sugar level. When blood sugar rises in non-diabetic people, the body produces insulin. It helps the body to move sugar out of the blood and into the cells where it is used or stored.