Celebrated every year on the second Thursday of March, World Kidney Day (WKD) is the global campaign that aims at increasing awareness of the importance of our health and reducing the impact of kidney disease and its associated problems worldwide.
As 26 people die while waiting for a kidney transplant, WKD is intended to raise awareness about the conditions of the kidney.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs in the renal system. They help the body pass waste as urine. They also help filter blood before sending it back to the heart.
The kidneys perform many crucial functions, including:
- maintaining overall fluid balance.
- regulating and filtering minerals from the blood.
- filtering waste materials from food, medications, and toxic substances.
- creating hormones that help produce red blood cells, promote bone health, and regulate blood pressure.
Concise News presents to you five golden rules to reduce the risk of developing kidney disease.
Keep a close watch on blood sugar level
One of the major causes of kidney issues begins when people are diabetic and don’t watch their blood sugar levels. It is important to avoid an increase in the blood sugar levels as it will have an adverse impact on the kidneys and affect the health of the person. Thus, once in a while get yourself tested and if needed ask for help from doctors to reduce your blood sugar levels.
Watch your blood pressure
A common misconception is that high BP can only cause strokes and heart attacks. But, little do people know that kidney-related issues can also be a result of fluctuating blood pressure. Thus, try hard to keep your calm and blood pressure under the limits prescribed as per the age. Normal BP is 120/80, whereas if it beyond that such as 139/89, then one is extremely hypertensive and beyond that can be very risky.
Control your weight
Obesity is considered the root cause of many problems including kidney failures. It is important to keep one’s weight in check and also take care of the salt intake. The more salt intake causes excessive water retention in the body which puts more pressure on the kidney function. Thus, if your weight is increasing, it would be great to start working out. Keep yourself hydrated with healthy fluids from time to time.
Keep yourself hydrated with healthy fluids
It is very important to have water in the required quantity to promote kidney function. As suggested, intake about 3 to 5 litres of water each day to make sure your kidneys stay healthy and hydrated. Having more fluids results in clearing sodium, urea and toxins from the body, thereby reducing any risk of kidney malfunctioning.
Even though it is believed that smoking only affects the lungs, it can be detrimental to kidneys as well. Smoking constricts blood flow to the kidneys and thus, makes it difficult for them to function in a healthy way. Thus, avoid smoking and if you are hooked to it, try quitting altogether.