Carl LeVan, an associate professor from America University, has explained why he thinks the ruling party, All Party Congress (APC) won the 2015 general election.
LeVan gave the explanation while giving an analysis during a development discourse organised by Nextier SPD in Abuja on Monday.
The discussion was based on his new book titled, ‘Contemporary Nigerian Politics: Competition in a Time of Transition and Terror.’
Intended to come after the 2019 presidential election, the discussion, however, came up two days after the elections were postponed.
The polls were to commence on Saturday with the presidential and parliamentary elections until the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) announced a shift at about 2:45 a.m.
INEC, therefore, fixed the presidential election will now hold on Saturday, February 23 while the state elections will also hold a week later on March 9.
LeVan said based on his findings, most of the political parties in 2015 campaigned on different issues” but the APC emphasised economy, corruption and electoral integrity as its focal points”.
LeVan, who hinged the analysis on three stages, said the conditions that shaped voting outcome at the state level include ”state-level economic condition, even more than levels of violence”.
He explained that while the voters in 2015 voted on an individual level, ”people still voted on the economy but ethnicity remained salient with a strong influence of religion.”
“Voters do seem to be learning democracy. It is not clear that institutions promoting inter-ethnic cooperation deterring religious cleavages,” he said.
According to him, conditions that facilitated the 1999 transition are sources of ‘democratic stress’ today.
The All Progressives Congress (APC) was formed on February 6, 2013, in anticipation of the 2015 elections.
The APC candidate, Muhammadu Buhari, won the presidential election as the incumbent, Goodluck Jonathan, unexpectedly conceded defeat before the final results were announced.
It was the first time in Nigeria’s political history that an opposition political party unseated an incumbent government.