World Cancer Day is an annual celebration observed every 4th of February to raise awareness among people about the deadly disease known as Cancer and how it can be identified, treated or prevented.
The primary goal of World Cancer Day is to significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer and also use the opportunity to rally the international community to end the injustice of preventable suffering from cancer.
Cancer disease is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body with the potential to invade some particular part of the body. There are several types of cancer, usually named for the organs or tissues they produced.
The main target of the cancer celebration is to spread message to the common people about the knowledge of cancer disease and the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) had provides tool-kit which consists of templates, leaflets and direction of various organisations for better assistance and cure of the ailment.
This event is celebrated every year with a particular theme to make it more result oriented and to reduce death ratio per year. This year 2019 World Cancer Day is theme: “I AM AND I WILL” which is celebrated globally to create the awareness of cancer and help those that are affected to be treated.
“I Am And I Will” is channeled towards making victim of this disease to acknowledge that they are advocate of the Cancer disease and be definite about doing anything to make them better again because as we speak the world has the highest incidence of this disease.
History Of World Cancer Day
The World Cancer Day was established by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) in the year 1993. The first World Cancer day was celebrated in the same year at Switzerland and Geneva. The programme was organised by the support of some well known cancer societies, treatment centers, patient groups and research institutes.
According to research report, nearly 12.7 million people were suffering from cancer, while almost 7 million people were losing their lives every year. World Cancer day was put together to control the deadly disease by educating people across the globe about it.
UICC was established in the year 1993. It is a membership based organisation established in 1993 to take care of Cancer around the world and to help in medical research. It has its headquarters in Geneva,.
World Cancer Day targets misinformation, raises awareness, and reduces stigma.Multiple initiatives run on World Cancer Day to show support for those affected by cancer. One of these movements is #NoHairSelfie, a global movement to have “hairticipants” shave their heads either physically or virtually to show a symbol of courage for those undergoing cancer treatment.
When and Why World Cancer Day Is Celebrated?
Every year World Cancer Day is celebrated on 4 February all over the world. The purpose of the UICC is to support the World Cancer Declaration written in 2008. The primary purpose of celebrating this day is to reduce the number of cancer patients by 2020 and to reduce the death rate causing due to it.
At the same time, they enlightened people on how to identify the symptoms and educate them on how to prevent cancer, as well as to prepare government and non-governmental organisations in the fight against this deadly disease ranging all over the world.
Their aim and objectives is to reduce the misconceptions about cancer and to help people to get the right information about the disease. There are several myths related to this disease, some people said cancer victims are untouchable thinking living with a cancer patient will make them also have caner.
That is why 4th of February is picked to remove these kinds of social myths from people. and globally teach them the necessary things they need to know about the ailment. Cancer people have all the rights to live like a normal person and they must feel self-respect and also have access to a normal environment in their home and the society.
How World Cancer Day Is Celebrated?
Government and non-governmental organisations across the globe organised various camps, lectures, workshops and seminars at every level throughout the world for the prevention of this deadly disease.
Every year, World Cancer Day is celebrated with a special theme. Some of the themes are as follows:
World Cancer Day 2015 theme – Not beyond us
World Cancer Day 2016- 2018 theme – We can, I can
World Cancer Day 2019-2020 Theme – I Am and I Will
What Is Cancer?
Cancer, also called malignancy, is an abnormal growth of cells in the body and it can start from any place in the body. It Begins when cells grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should.
According to National Institutes of Health, Cancer is the collection of related diseases.
Cancer can be treated very well. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues.
Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.
When cancer develops, cells become more and more abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they should die, and new cells form when they are not needed. These extra cells can divide without stopping and may form growths called tumors.
Types Of Cancer
There are more than 100 types of cancer and the symptoms vary. Depending on the type.
- Breast Cancer
- Skin Cancer
- Lung Cancer
- Colon Cancer
- Prostate Cancer
- Lymphoma/Leukemia Cancer
- Bladder Cancer
- Brain Cancer
- Ovarian Cancer
- Colorectal Cancer
- Cervical Cancer
- Multiple Myeloma
- Pancreatic Cancer
Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery.
Common Causes of Cancer
Learn about some of the most common causes of cancer, and what you can do to lower your exposure or risk.
– Smoking and Tobacco
– Sun and other Types of Radiation
– Diet and Physical Activity
– Viruses and Infection
1. Smoking And Tobacco: Research has shown that for every 15 cigarettes smoked, there is a DNA change which could cause a cell in the body to become cancerous. But the best way to reduce your risk is to stop smoking completely.
Because the link between smoking and cancer is very clear. It causes at least 15 different types of cancer. Smoking causes around 7 in 10 lung cancer cases in the UK, which is also the most common cause of cancer death.It causes other cancers including mouth, pharynx (upper throat), nose and sinuses, larynx (voice box), oesophagus (food pipe), liver, pancreas, stomach, kidney, bowel, ovary, bladder, cervix, and some types of leukaemia. Smoking causes other diseases too, such as heart disease and various lung diseases.
2. Sun And Other Type Of Radiations: Radiation of certain wavelengths, called ionizing radiation, has enough energy to damage DNA and cause cancer. Ionizing radiation includes radon, x-rays, gamma rays, and other forms of high-energy radiation. Lower-energy, non-ionizing forms of radiation, such as visible light and the energy from cell phones and electromagnetic fields, do not damage DNA and have not been found to cause cancer.
However, high-energy radiation, such as x-rays, gamma rays, alpha particles, beta particles, and neutrons, can damage DNA and cause cancer. These forms of radiation can be released in accidents at nuclear power plants and when atomic weapons are made, tested, or used.
Certain medical procedures, such as chest x rays, computed tomography (CT) sans,positron emission tomography (PET) scans, and radiation therapy can also cause cell damage that leads to cancer. However, the risks of cancer from these medical procedures are very small, and the benefit from having them is almost always greater than the risks.
Too much ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or sunbeds is the main cause of skin cancer. The most serious type of skin cancer, could be prevented through enjoying the sun safely and avoiding using sunbeds.
There are 2 main types of UV rays that damage our skin. Both types can cause skin cancer: UVB is responsible for the majority of sunburns while, UVA penetrates deep into the skin. It ages the skin, but contributes much less towards sunburn and the third type of UV ray, UVC, could be the most dangerous of all, but it is completely blocked out by the ozone layer and doesn’t reach the earth’s surface.
3. Diets and Physical Activity:Research has shown that poor diet and not being active are the two major key factors that can increase a person’s cancer risk. The World Cancer Research Fund estimates that about 20% of all cancers diagnosed in the US are related to body fatness, physical inactivity, excess alcohol consumption or poor nutrition.
Besides quitting smoking, some of the most important things you can do to help reduce your cancer risk includes, stay at a healthy weight throughout life, be physically active on a regular basis and make healthy food choices with a focus on plant-based foods.
One of the best ways to get an idea if you are at a healthy weight is to check your Body Mass Index (BMI), a score based on the relationship between your height and weight. Use our easy online BMI calculator to find out your score.
To reduce cancer risk, most people need to keep their BMIs below 25. Ask your doctor what your BMI number means and what action you should take. If you are trying to control your weight, a good first step is to watch portion sizes, especially of foods high in calories, fat, and added sugars.
Also try to limit your intake of high-calorie foods and drinks. Try writing down what and how much you eat and drink for a week, then see where you can cut down on portion sizes, cut back on some not-so-healthy foods and drinks.
4. Viruses And Infection: When viruses cause an infection, they spread their DNA, affecting healthy cells’ genetic makeup and potentially causing them to turn into cancer. HPV infections, for instance, cause the virus’ DNA to combine with the host’s DNA, disrupting the normal function of cells.
Other viruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), may increase a person’s risk of developing cancer by affecting the body’s immune system.
In most cases, specific viruses only affect specific cells in the body, such as common cold viruses that impact the lining of the nose and throat. That’s why certain viruses are only linked with certain kinds of cancer.
Although most people infected with HPV don’t develop cancer, a few potent strains of the virus cause the vast majority of Cervical Cancer and it causes about 98 percent of cervical cancer cases, so it is of high concern,” Dr. Godbee says. “Patients with HPV should have appropriate testing performed at the time of diagnosis, such as with a colposcopy, and should be followed routinely with screening exams.”
Sign and Symptoms of Cancer
Cancer Signs ans symptoms vary widely from each other and in some cases they may not occur at all. Some patients have abnormal bumps, unexplained fevers, night sweats or unintentional weight loss. Most common types of Cancer is as follows
Breast Cancer: Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.
Prostate Cancer: Symptoms include difficulty with urination, but sometimes there are no symptoms at all.
Basal Cell Cancer: This cancer typically appears as a white, waxy lump or a brown, scaly patch on sun-exposed areas, such as the face and neck.
Melanoma: Symptoms might include a new, unusual growth or a change in an existing mole. Melanomas can occur anywhere on the body.
Colorectal Cancer: Colorectal cancer symptoms depend on the size and location of the cancer. Some commonly experienced symptoms include changes in bowel habits, changes in stool consistency, blood in the stool and abdominal discomfort.
Lungs Cancer: Symptoms include a cough (often with blood), chest pain, wheezing and weight loss. These symptoms often don’t appear until the cancer is advanced.
Leukaemia: Many patients with slow-growing types of leukaemia don’t have symptoms. Rapidly growing types of leukaemia may cause symptoms that include fatigue, weight loss, frequent infections and easy bleeding or bruising.
Lymphoma Cancer: Lymphoma Symptoms include enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue and weight loss. Consult a doctor for medical advice if you notice any of the above symptoms in your body.
How To Prevent Cancer And Stay Healthy
1. Don’t use tobacco
Using any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer including cancer of the lung, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney. Chewing tobacco has been linked to cancer of the oral cavity and pancreas. Even if you don’t use tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke might increase your risk of lung cancer.
Avoiding tobacco or deciding to stop using it is an important part of cancer prevention. If you need help quitting tobacco, ask your doctor about stop-smoking products and other strategies for quitting.
2. Eat a healthy diet
Although making healthy selections at the grocery store and at mealtime can’t guarantee cancer prevention, it might reduce your risk. Consider these guidelines:Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources such as whole grains and beans.
Avoid obesity. Eat lighter and leaner by choosing fewer high-calorie foods, including refined sugars and fat from animal sources.
If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation The risk of various types of cancer including cancer of the breast, colon, lung, kidney and liver increases with the amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you’ve been drinking regularly.
Limit processed meats. A report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, concluded that eating large amounts of processed meat can slightly increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
In addition, women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts might have a reduced risk of breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses mostly on plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, such as olive oil, over butter and fish instead of red meat.
3. Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active
Maintaining a healthy weight might lower the risk of various types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney. Physical activity counts too. In addition to helping you control your weight, physical activity on its own might lower the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer.
Adults who participate in any form of physical activity gain some health benefits. But for substantial health benefits, strive to get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes a week of vigorous aerobic activity. You can also do a combination of moderate and vigorous activity. As a general goal, include at least 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine and if you can do more, even better.
4. Protect yourself from the sun
Skin cancer is one of the most common kinds of cancer and one of the most preventable. Try these tips: Avoid midday sun. Stay out of the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun’s rays are strongest.
Stay in the shade. When you’re outdoors, stay in the shade as much as possible. Sunglasses and a broad-brimmed hat help, too. Cover exposed areas. Wear tightly woven, loose fitting clothing that covers as much of your skin as possible. Opt for bright or dark colours, which reflect more ultraviolet radiation than do pastels or bleached cotton.
Don’t skimp on sunscreen. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, even on cloudy days. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hours or more often if you’re swimming or perspiring.Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps. These are just as damaging as natural sunlight.
5. Get vaccinated
Cancer prevention includes protection from certain viral infections. Talk to your doctor about vaccination against:Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B can increase the risk of developing liver cancer. The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for certain adults at high risk such as adults who are sexually active but not in a mutually monogamous relationship, people with sexually transmitted infections, people who use intravenous drugs, men who have sex with men, and health care or public safety workers who might be exposed to infected blood or body fluids.
Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that can lead to cervical and other genital cancers as well as squamous cell cancers of the head and neck. The HPV vaccine is recommended for girls and boys ages 11 and 12. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved the use of vaccine Gardasil 9 for males and females ages 9 to 45.
6. Avoid risky behaviours
Another effective cancer prevention tactic is to avoid risky behaviours that can lead to infections that might increase the risk of cancer. For example: Practice safe sex. Limit your number of sexual partners and use a condom when you have sex. The more sexual partners you have in your lifetime, the more likely you are to contract a sexually transmitted infection such as HIV or HPV.
People who have HIV or AIDS have a higher risk of cancer of the anus, liver and lung. HPV is most often associated with cervical cancer, but it might also increase the risk of cancer of the anus, penis, throat, vulva and vagina.
Don’t share needles. Sharing needles with people who use intravenous drugs can lead to HIV, as well as hepatitis B and hepatitis C which can increase the risk of liver cancer. If you’re concerned about drug misuse or addiction, seek professional help.
7. Get regular medical care
Regular self-examination and screenings for various types of cancers — such as cancer of the skin, colon, cervix and breast — can increase your chances of discovering cancer early, when treatment is most likely to be successful. Ask your doctor about the best cancer screening schedule for you.
15 Super Foods Which Can Help Fight Cancer – Nutritionist Nmami
Turmeric a well-known spice widely used for its health-promoting properties. An active ingredient present in it is called cur-cumin which has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and even anti-cancer properties. Also, it has been associated to slowing the growth of breast, lungs and prostate cancer cells. For the best results, add 3 teaspoons of ground turmeric every day in your diet.
An active component in garlic called allicin has been proven to kill cancer cells. Studies shows that intake of garlic has lower risk of several types of cancer. Garlic has help to lessen the risks of prostate, stomach and colorectal cancers. Include two to five grams of fresh garlic every day in your diet and take benefits of its cancer preventing properties.
Ginger is cancer fighting properties found useful for the killing of ovarian cancer cells and reduced inflammation in the colon. It’s also linked to have a potential cancer preventive measure. Add a ginger slice in your tea or sprinkle some finely chopped ginger in morning oatmeal bowl every morning.
Broccoli is packed with sulforaphane, a plant-base compound found in cruciferous vegetables with potent anti-cancer properties. sulforaphane reduces the number of breast cancer cells by seventy five percent. Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli is also linked to lower risk of colon and colorectal cancer. Include broccoli in few meals per week to benefit cancer-fighting properties.
Berries are rich in anthocyanins- a plant pigments with antioxidant properties which has been linked to reduced cancer risk. Colorectal cancer was treated with bilberry extract with the results, cancer cells reduction by seven percent. Single or two serving of berries in your diet per day may help prevent the development of cancer cells.
Probiotics promote a healthy gut due to the rich consistency of good bacteria. But do you know, they have the potential of anti-cancer agents too? Probiotics have been proven to be effective against cancer formation especially colon cancer as they create a short-chain fatty acids in colon and acidify it, lowering the pH and possibility of colon cancer.
7. Fatty fish
Fatty fish also help to reduce the risk of cancer development in the body, if you can add it to your diet plant per week. Fatty fish such as salmon, anchovies and mackerel are packed with important nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D which have been proven through studies showing lower risk of cancer. In, particular, two servings of fatty fish each week help you get an adequate amount of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D.
Eating carrots can possibly reduce the development of stomach cancer by twenty six percent (26%). Also, it lower the odds of developing prostate cancer. Try adding carrots in your diet as a snack or salad three to four days a week it will potentially reduced cancer risk.
9. Citrus fruits
Adding citrus fruits like limes, lemons, oranges and grapefruits in your diet has been linked to lower risk of cancers like digestive, upper respiratory tract cancer and pancreatic cancer. Three servings of citrus fruits every week help support and reduced the risk of stomach cancer as well.
Consumption of nuts on regular basis surely reduced risk of pancreatic, colorectal and endometrial cancers. For example, brazil nuts are high in selenium and it can help to prevent you from getting lung cancer due to high selenium status in the nuts. Many results suggest, nuts should be included in your every day diet.
11. Olive oil
Olive oil is one of the staples of Mediterranean diet packed with numerous healthly benefits. It has been noticed that higher consumption of olive oil help protect your body against cancer development. People who consume olive oil have lower risk of breast and digestive system cancer. For that, drizzle it over your salads or cooked vegetables or marinated fish.
Rich in fiber and heart-healthy fats- flaxseed are always a healthy addition in diet which may also help reduce the growth of cancer and help kill cancer cells. Adding one tablespoon of flaxseed into your diet every day in smoothies, over cereal, oatmeal, yogurt or your favourite baked food will help you get best from it.
Compound called lycopene found in tomatoes is tagged to be responsible for anti-cancer properties due to its vibrant red colour. Intake of lycopene significantly found in tomatoes may lessen the risk of prostate cancer. Making use of tomatoes in the diet every day will enable your body to take best of it.
Plums can be the helpful fruit to fight against cancers like breast and colon cancer. Dried plums called prunes are the rich source of neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acids- powerful anti-cancer agents. The phenols from plums kill the malignant cells in breast cancer without any harm to the body. Enjoy plums when season in form of smoothie or fruit salad twice or thrice a week.
Beans are loaded with fiber and many studies found beans helpful to prevent the development of cancer like colorectal cancer. It has also been noticed that people with the history of colorectal cancer who consumed more of cooked or dried beans have high tendency to reduced risk of cancer recurrence.
Preventing development of cancer with these super foods is the best natural possible way you could stay safe from the killer disease Cancer. Opt for fruits and veggies which are bright in colour like red, blue, and purple (think plums, eggplant, grapes and figs). Above listed foods are equally beneficial for the same course.
So, next, when you visit super market, do well to load your baskets with these foods.