Iran President Hassan Rouhani. AFP

Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has condemned the US for vowing to impose what it said would be the “strongest sanctions in history” on his country.

Zarif said the measures outlined by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo showed the US was a prisoner of its “failed policies” and it would suffer the consequences.

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He said America was “regressing to old habits” but his country was working with other partners to the nuclear deal in order to find a solution.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani launched a personal attack on Mike Pompeo, questioning his credibility as a former CIA chief to make decisions for Iran and the world.

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini also criticised the US.

She said Pompeo had failed to show how dropping the 2015 nuclear deal would make the Middle East safer.

There was, she said, “no alternative” to the agreement, which US President Donald Trump vowed earlier this month to abandon, and she said the EU would stick by it if Iran met its commitments.