A Russia 2018 World Cup venue (image courtesy: Getty)

Many Nigerian football faithful are confident the Super Eagles and other Russia 2018-bound African teams would make a bold statement at the Mount Everest of football, the Fifa World Cup.

Thirty-two countries, including five from Africa, would vie for the trophy from June 14 to July 15.

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Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, and Senegal are the continent’s other representatives.

And head coach of the Eagles, Gernot Rohr, believes the three-time African champions are equipped with a mix of youthful and experienced players that can stun the world in Vladimir Putin’s country.

Nigeria will compete alongside two-time world champions Argentina; Croatia, who finished third at the 1998 tournament; and debutants Iceland in Group B.

“This is a difficult group, but I think we can spring a surprise,” Rohr had said after the draw.

However, history shows that no team from the continent has progressed beyond the quarter-finals since 1990. That’s 28 years ago.

Cameroon stunner

Francois Omam-Biyik’s goal stunned holders Argentina at the 1990 World Cup in Italy (photo credit: BBC)

Prior to Italia ’90, African teams could not advance beyond the second round.

Cameroon did at the aforementioned tournament and the world’s attention focused on the continent as the Indomitable Lions defeated the world champions at the time, Argentina, and narrowly lost to England in the quarter-finals.

Cameroon’s heroics, which left scores of Africans in euphoria, remain memorable in World Cup history.

Nigeria sparkle

Daniel Amokachi scores as Nigeria humbled Bulgaria 3-0 in their 1994 World Cup opener in USA (Photo credit: FIFA.com)

Hopes were, therefore, rife that teams from the continent could go a step further at the USA ‘94 tournament.

But Nigeria could not replicate the feat of their neighbours as they agonizingly lost to eventual finalists, Italy, in the round of 16.

It is, however, worthy to note that the Super Eagles were Africa’s best representatives at two successive World Cups – the only team from the continent to reach the second round in 1994 and 1998 in France.

Fearless Teranga Lions

The Lions of Teranga stunned France in 2002 (Photo: AFP)

After experiencing drawbacks in two straight editions, Senegal made Africans smile again  by reaching the last eight at the 2002 tournament co-hosted by Japan and South Korea.

Inspired by Khalilou Fadiga, El Hadji Diouf and Papa Bouba Diop, the Lions of Teranga produced a sterling performance to beat defending champions France in the opening match.

Their giant-killing run took them all the way to the quarter-finals where they lost in extra time to another tournament surprise-package, Turkey.

Black Stars dimmed at the death

Black Stars all but reached the semis (Photo credit: AFP PHOTO / RODRIGO ARANGUA)

Then came the 2010 tournament in South Africa, where Ghana were seconds away from becoming the first African side to finally progress beyond the quarter-finals, but for Asamoah Gyan’s penalty that skimmed the crossbar in the game against Uruguay. The South Americans then ended the hopes of Africa by winning a truly extraordinary match 4-2 on penalties.

Despite their heartbreaking elimination, Africans celebrated Ghana for their spirited showing.

Poor showing in Brazil

In Brazil 2014, aside Nigeria and Algeria, who recorded a win and draw to reach the Round of 16 after finishing second in their respective groups, the remaining three African representatives crashed out of the tournament in the group phase.

Like in South Africa, seven-time representatives Cameroon lost all their matches, conceding nine goals and scoring just one in the process of a dismal outing.

It was dejavu for Cote d’Ivoire as they failed to progress beyond the group stages after three straight appearances.

As for Ghana, who were seconds away from breaking the semi-final jinx in 2010, they begun their campaign on a rough note – conceding the tournament’s fastest goal and a stoppage-time goal to lose 2-1 to the United States.

But the Black Stars produced a strong showing against the eventual winners, Germany, with a two-all draw.

Overall, the continent presented five representatives, played 17 matches, won only two, lost 11 and shared the spoils on two occasions.

Why have African teams failed to reach the last four?

Players vs administrators

There are different lines of thoughts that may be responsible for this. One is the recurring decimal of rift between players and football administrators over non-payment of appearance fees and bonuses.

Former World and European Player of the Year Liberia’s George Weah had blamed leaders of African football federations for the continent’s woes.

“Former players govern European football while those without passion or knowledge of the game rule in Africa. Footballers rather than officials should travel business class on flights because they are the ones going to play,” Weah said in an interview with the UK Guardian before the last tournament.

Weah’s assertion was given credence in Brazil as Cameroon, Ghana, and Nigeria had issues with their players over appearance fees and bonuses during the tournament.

Ghana players boycotted training in protest at not receiving their money, the country’s government flew $3m (£1.8m) in cash to Brazil to salvage the row.

In a similar vein, Nigerian players refused to train ahead of their Round-of-16 showdown against France over fears they would not receive bonus payments from the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF). The country’s President at the time, Goodluck Jonathan, had to step in.

There was a related issue with Cameroon, whose players refused to board their plane to South America because of a row over appearance fees. They arrived a day later than scheduled.

Wait a minute, a flip through history shows the issue is not new.

Togo went on strike over bonus money at the 2006 tournament in Germany and the Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) was forced to intervene.

Lack of players’ commitment?

The other line of thought is what some pundits perceive to be African players’ lack of commitment in the colours of their countries.

Former England international John Barnes, who featured in Mexico ‘86 and Italia ‘90 finals, told Supersport that  Africans must show the same desire and discipline when playing for their country the way they do when playing for European clubs.

However, former Nigerian captain and coach, who featured in USA ‘94 and France ‘98 finals, Sunday Oliseh takes a different stand.

He believes the row over bonuses was not enough to judge the players as non-committal to their national team course due to their unique cultural background, and that their financial responsibilities stretch far beyond their own ends.

“We have the quality. But what we need is a solution so that everyone is satisfied before the tournament starts. It’s going to be better for everyone if we don’t have to talk about off the pitch issues. Personally I find it very painful,” he had said after the tournament in Brazil.

NFF planning ahead

To this end, the NFF have penned an agreement with Nigerian players over earnings during the 2018 World Cup in Russia.

“We have done it; we have concluded negotiations and come to agreement with the team as regards bonuses, allowances and share of income from Fifa for the 2018 World Cup,” said NFF vice-president Shehu Dikko.

Captain of the side, Mikel Obi, said it was the first time such an agreement was reached.

“We also agreed on preparation, such as how much players will be paid for the friendly matches, including how and when the monies would be paid. We are very happy and excited with this development,” Mikel said.